The co-defendant, Samuel Lightsey, was a former manager of a Georgia peanut processing plant blamed in the 2008-09 outbreak. He was indicted along with his former boss, Peanut Corporation of America owner Stewart Parnell, and two others. Lightsey pleaded guilty in May after reaching a deal with prosecutors.
The 76-count indictment accuses Parnell and his brother, food broker Michael Parnell, of shipping tainted products to customers and covering up lab tests showing they contained salmonella. It also charges Stewart Parnell and the plant's quality assurance manager, Mary Wilkerson, with obstructing justice.
Tom Bondurant, an attorney for Stewart Parnell, asked Lightsey about his plea agreement, which recommends that he not serve more than six years in prison. He had been facing decades behind bars.
Bondurant then pointed out that the government's lawyers could ask the judge for further leniency, including no prison time, if Lightsey's able to "substantially assist" their efforts.
"So the truth alone is not enough. You need a scalp to make this deal work, don't you?" Bondurant said.
During six days of questioning by a federal prosecutor, Lightsey testified that the company had shipped contaminated products with falsified documents showing them to be free of salmonella; that there was mold and mildew in the plant; and that employees had a pellet gun to shoot birds that got inside the plant.
The salmonella outbreak caused one of the largest food recalls in U.S. history. Food safety investigators found more than 700 people across the country were infected and nine people died — three in Minnesota, two in Ohio, two in Virginia, one in Idaho and one in North Carolina.
Bondurant asked Lightsey a series of questions to demonstrate that Stewart Parnell had given him considerable authority over the Georgia plant and relied on him.
"You made decisions every day about how to run the plant, didn't you?" Bondurant said.
"That's the job," Lightsey responded.
Bondurant also had Lightsey review audits predating the salmonella outbreak that showed the plant receiving high marks from inspectors and a box of what he said was nearly 4,000 lab reports, of which about a dozen tested positive for salmonella.
Bondurant also sought to cast blame on Michael Parnell, whose company, P.P. Sales, bought peanut paste from Peanut Corp. and sold it to Kellogg's. Bondurant had Lightsey review a sales contract between the brothers' companies that said the buyer assumes all risk and liability from use of the product.
Michael Parnell's lawyer, Ed Tolley, then had Lightsey review a "continuing pure food guarantee" issued to his client's company by Peanut Corp. that included a pledge to provide a product free of contaminant.
Tom Ledford, Wilkerson's attorney, asked Lightsey whether Wilkerson had cooperated with federal investigators who said they had traced the outbreak to the Georgia plant. Lightsey, who earlier testified that he had lied to Food and Drug Administration investigators, said Wilkerson willingly helped him find documents requested by the investigators.
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