Jasper County, S.C., has been trying for more than two decades to put a shipping terminal on the river across from Savannah. Its efforts were opposed in court by both states — which share the river and operate competing ports in Savannah and Charleston — before their governors agreed in 2007 to take on Jasper County’s port dream as a joint project between the neighboring states.
Years later, the board overseeing the partnership, made up mostly of port leaders from each state, has bought land for the shipping terminal and spent millions of dollars on feasibility studies. But progress has been slow, and local officials say they’re fed up.
Members of the Jasper County Council left the board’s June meeting fuming at what they considered another pointless delay. Earlier this month, the council voted to deliver an ultimatum: If the joint port board doesn’t agree to start seeking construction permits for the project at its next meeting Sept. 17, then Jasper County will demand control of the port project and the 1,500 acres of land purchased for it.
“The people at the Joint Project Office just keep putting it off and putting it off,” said Henry Etheridge, chairman of the Jasper County Council. “Turn it over to us and let us get a private concern in there to go forward.”
Jasper County ranks among South Carolina’s poorest counties, with a per capita income of $17,162. Many of its 23,200 residents commute to jobs across the river in Georgia while the local economy gets by largely on travelers stopping for gas and fast food along Interstate 95. Local officials have long seen a port terminal as key to the county’s economic salvation.
Georgia and South Carolina have sought to control the project because they see an opportunity to expand their market share by attracting cargo that would otherwise go to competitors such as Norfolk, Va. The states also see potential to attract more trade with Asia that’s currently routed through the West Coast.
They say Jasper County would be able to handle up to 7 million containers of imports and exports each year, far more than now moves through Savannah and Charleston combined.
Consultants told the two-state port board last month that a new port in Jasper County would be profitable, operating an estimated $1.2 billion in the black within 14 years of opening. They estimated that the terminal would take 13 years to build once the states begin applying for construction permits with the federal government. That hasn’t happened yet. South Carolina’s members of the joint board have insisted on another study, to determine whether the river needs alterations to make room for ships bound for both Jasper County and the Port of Savannah just 7 miles upriver. It should be finished around the end of the year.
Both the joint port board’s chairman, David Posek of South Carolina, and vice chairman, Jim Balloun of Georgia, said a vote on construction permits probably won’t happen in September. And both said they’re committed to building a shipping terminal in Jasper County that would be capable of handling more cargo containers than are currently shipped through Savannah and Charleston combined.
The idea is for the Jasper County terminal to move imports and exports that Savannah and Charleston don’t have room to handle as they approach full capacity. If the Jasper port is built too soon, before there’s much demand for it, the terminal could flop, Posek said.
“Both states believe fully we’re going to run out of capacity and there’s no place to build a terminal of this size other than Jasper,” Posek said. “I see there’s going to be an economic boom in Jasper County when this terminal is completed. But there could also be an economic bust if this is developed before it’s needed.”