House to consider limited GOP immigration bill
by Jim Abrams, Associated Press
November 23, 2012 10:30 AM | 1295 views | 2 2 comments | 4 4 recommendations | email to a friend | print
In this Oct. 19, 2012 photo, Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat who became New Mexico's first Latina elected to Congress after winning the state's open 1st Congressional District race on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, is shown speaking with Hispanic voters at Barelas Coffee House in Albuquerque, N.M. Among many troubling signs for Republicans Tuesday night was the continued drift of Hispanics _ the nation’s fastest-growing ethnic group _ into the blue column. Republican Mitt Romney backed hardline immigration measures during the primary and won only 27 percent of the Hispanic vote Tuesday, less than any presidential candidate in 16 years. (AP Photo/Russell Contreras)
In this Oct. 19, 2012 photo, Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat who became New Mexico's first Latina elected to Congress after winning the state's open 1st Congressional District race on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, is shown speaking with Hispanic voters at Barelas Coffee House in Albuquerque, N.M. Among many troubling signs for Republicans Tuesday night was the continued drift of Hispanics _ the nation’s fastest-growing ethnic group _ into the blue column. Republican Mitt Romney backed hardline immigration measures during the primary and won only 27 percent of the Hispanic vote Tuesday, less than any presidential candidate in 16 years. (AP Photo/Russell Contreras)
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WASHINGTON (AP) — House Republicans still smarting from their poor showing among Hispanics in the presidential election are planning a vote next week on immigration legislation that would both expand visas for foreign science and technology students and make it easier for those with green cards to bring their immediate families to the U.S.

Republican leaders made it clear after the election that the party was ready to get serious about overhauling the nation’s dysfunctional immigration system, a top priority for Hispanic communities. Taking up what is called the STEM Jobs Act during the lame-duck session could be seen as a first step in that direction.

The House voted on a STEM bill — standing for science, technology, engineering and mathematics — in September, but under a procedure requiring a two-thirds majority. It was defeated, with more than 80 percent of Democrats voting against it, because it offset the increase in visas for high-tech graduates by eliminating another visa program that is available for less-educated foreigners, many from Africa.

Republicans are changing the formula this time by adding a provision long sought by some immigration advocates — expanding a program that allows the spouses and minor children of people with permanent residence, or green card, to wait in the United States for their own green cards to be granted.

There are some 80,000 of these family-based green cards allocated every year, but there are currently about 322,000 husbands, wives and children waiting in this category and on average people must wait more than two years to be reunited with their families. In that past that wait could be as long as six years.

The House proposal would allow family members to come to the U.S. one year after they apply for their green cards, but they wouldn’t be able to work until they actually got the card. It applies to the families of green card holders who marry after getting their residency permits.

Bruce Morrison, a former Democratic congressman from Connecticut who chaired the House immigration subcommittee and authored a 1990 immigration law, said the bill neither increases the number of green cards nor gives people green cards early. But people "get the most important benefit of being able to live legally in the United States with their spouses."

Morrison, an immigration policy lobbyist who advocates for groups such as American Families United, called the bill a stepping-stone to more comprehensive immigration reform, That Republicans initiated it "to me is a positive gesture that they want to do business on this subject," he said

Megan Whittemore, spokeswoman for House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-Va., a key proponent of the STEM Act, said the bill is "family friendly, helping spouses and minor children who would otherwise be separated from their families for extended periods of time."

The bill will be taken up this time under normal procedures requiring only a majority vote, and it is almost certain to pass the Republican-led House. It remains to be seen whether it will engender enough Democratic support to give it momentum as it heads to the Democratic-controlled Senate.

It would give 55,000 green cards a year to doctoral and masters graduates in the STEM fields. The measure, strongly backed by U.S. high-tech companies, would make it easier for people trained in the United States to put their skills to work for American companies rather than non-American competitors.

But the legislation would still eliminate the Diversity Visa Lottery Program which gives out a similar 55,000 green cards a year to those from countries, including many in Africa, with traditionally low rates of immigration to the U.S. That prompted the House’s Hispanic Caucus, Congressional Black Caucus and Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus to all come out against it in September.

The three caucuses said Republicans were trying to increase legal immigration for people they want by ending immigration for people they don’t want.

Crystal Williams, executive director of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, said the bill is a message from Republicans that "we are here and we are ready to talk about immigration reform."

But she said she doubted it will make much progress in the Senate during the short lame-duck session. People "are now starting to think about broader reform," she said, adding that a limited bill that doesn’t increase visas won’t get a lot of support.

Comments
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Stop the madness
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November 24, 2012
The United States is broke. Yes, we are broke! Why do we continue to allow people from other countries here when we have so many issues? How about the politicians get our tax system overhauled to a fair tax where EVERYONE pays instead of focusing on these other issues? Or how about coming up with an actual budget, which we have not seen since Obama took office? Although, that doesn't matter to Obama because he has signed more executive orders than any other president. It has given him an open bank account to do as he pleases, so why have a budget. Sickening!
D.G. in Clarkdale
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November 23, 2012
I'd just as soon to see all immigration halted that allowed individuals "without" marketable skills/education. Also deny those without enough initial money to keep themselves afloat for at least six months so they don't become an existing taxpayer burden. We need to be smart and selective whom we allow in, this nation is nearing a financial collapse and its foolish to add to our existing burdens.
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