Leaders from Germany, Italy and Greece have said they are optimistic that the deal on a second massive bailout for Athens can be clinched at the meeting after months of delay, but critics have expressed doubts over Greek political leaders’ commitment to austerity and there are still difficult details to be ironed out.
Pressure is on Greek Prime Minister Lucas Papademos to seal the deal and his presence in Brussels could lend more weight to the country’s efforts and promises.
Monday’s meeting could “result in the need to take very important decisions for the country and require immediate and thorough consultation between the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance,” Papademos’ office said in a statement. He is also expected to hold talks with representatives of Greece’s private creditors on a related $131-billion debt relief deal.
Greece is straining to secure the rescue loans and the debt relief deal quickly to avoid defaulting on a $19.5 billion bond redemption on March 20. The government has already pushed a massive austerity and reform package though parliament and is expected to introduce in Parliament on Monday two more pieces of emergency legislation — including wage and pension cuts. There were scattered protests over the cuts in Athens on Sunday and about 60 people detained.
High-level finance ministry officials from the 17 countries that use the euro as their currency were already meeting in Brussels Sunday to evaluate Greece’s latest austerity plans, as well as whether the new bailout and a related debt-relief plan could bring the country’s debt down to a sustainable level.
Before the rest of the eurozone and the International Monetary Fund can sign off onGreece’s new rescue package, which was tentatively agreed to in October, and comes on top of a $144 billion bailout granted in 2010, several issues have to be resolved:
Germany and other rich euro countries want Greece to set up a separately managed account that would ensure that the country services its debt. The idea of such an escrow account is that it would maintain pressure on Greece to stick to promised austerity and reform measures, without the eurozone risking the destabilizing effects of a default.